Monday, February 10, 2020
What do Northcentral's Mission , Vision, and Values mean to me personally as a Learner - Personal Statement Example This can lead to several challenges in ensuring that students not only understand their lessons but are also integrated into the university's culture. I think Northcentral University is doing a very good job of ensuring this and as such is one of the best online universities out there. Northcentral university's mission statement and vision clearly spell out how their approach to online learning is unique and distinctive. The university's and its faculty's passion and commitment to educating individual students are clearly spelt out in the university's value statement. This distinctive approach to learning and the commitment of the faculty is passed onto the students and inspires them to conduct themselves with integrity and give their best performance through innovation and teamwork. In my opinion, Northcentral University's mission statement, vision and values statement help define how I as a learner shall conduct myself and learn from the dedicated faculty members. Northcentral Univ ersity's mission is to provide "quality educational opportunities" to people around the world. The commitment to providing education to not just a community but to interested individuals all over the world makes the university unique. Traditional universities, by the virtue of their location, can only provide education to the individuals living in the community. Because these traditional universities have a commitment to their communities, when they do enroll outsiders, they often charge them higher tuition rates. The campus-based model also means that students need to be at the campus at particular times, which can make it difficult for many students to pursue an education while also being gainfully employed. Northcentral University's online model takes care of these typical problems of a traditional university. It removes boundaries from education and makes it easily available at the same affordable rate to people around the world, thus removing the location based discrimination s een in local universities. The online model also allows busy professionals to get education without giving up their day jobs. Thus, the university's mission ensures that education can become truly universal by making it available to anyone who seeks it. A big problem often faced by online students is that the quality of education is often much lower than what is available through the traditional classroom model. One reason for this is that professors often think of their online classes as an additional job and are not dedicated to it in the same way as they are to their traditional classes. Since teachers can see their students in person in a traditional classroom, they feel more of a connection to them. In an online environment, this connection between the teachers and students is often missing. The "distinctive faculty mentored approach" of Northcentral University ensures that the university's students do not feel neglected by their teachers. Being a fully online university, teach ers do not see their online students as an additional job. The faculty's passion and investment into the student's education ensures that Northcentral University does not suffer from the problems faced by other online programs. Northcentral University values the needs of individual students promotes a passion for education in its faculty and administration. The focus on the needs of each individual student is important because in large class sizes, individual students often get lost. On the one hand, the brighter students stand out and often become teacher's favorite while on the other hand students at the bottom of the class are ignored. As a result, the good students excel and get much more attention from the teachers while the average students are left to fend for
Thursday, January 30, 2020
Management History Essay Managers can look at past managerial methods in order to make decisions that will best suit themselves and help their organisations, as well as giving their organisation a competitive advantage (Boddy D. , 2005). In this essay I will be arguing against the proposition that knowledge of management history is irrelevant to modern practice. To show that management history is important for modern managers, I am going to discuss and focus on a number of historical management techniques and theories and how they can be useful. I will talk about how these management techniques and theories are relevant with modern management. The first approach I will look at is the classical approach. Too elaborate on this theory I will split it in to two areas; the scientific management theory and the administrative principals. Firstly I will discuss the scientific approach; where I will talk about Frederick Winslow Taylor and his theory on the importance of workers being trained and the importance of the selection process (Bartol Martin, 1994). The next branch is the administrative approach involving theorist Henri Fayol and how his theories have been well respected and become a big part of modern management today. To finish off my argument I will be talking about the behavioural side of management by relating to Abraham MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s hierarchy of needs. Through looking into these methods I hope to give the reader a good understanding as to why I believe historical management has had a big impact on modern management today and will continue to do so in the future. The first discussion will be based around the classical approach, an approach to management that is seen as a way of managers making decisions based around economic concern. There are three main areas within the classical approach, these being scientific management, administrative principles and bureaucratic organisation. However, throughout my argument I will be focusing only on two of these approaches, thus being the scientific approach and the administrative principals. The two main theorists who are heavily involved in these consist of Frederick Winslow Taylor, whom was the founder of scientific management and Henri Fayol whom has had a big influence on the administrative principals. I will also mention Mary Parker Follet whom has also had a big impact on the administrative principals. (Schermerhorn, Davidson, Poole, Simon, Woods, Chau, 2011). I have chosen to focus only on these two areas of classical management as they are well related to my argument that historical management is relevant to modern management. TheÃ first approach I will be discussing is the classical approach, where we will first be talking about scientific management. The man behind the scientific management theory is known as Frederick Winslow Taylor. TaylorÃ¢â¬â¢s main contributions to management thought and practice hav e come through his idea of the scientific management theory and approach. In 1911, Frederick Winslow Taylor published his work, Ã¢â¬Ëthe principles of scientific management.Ã¢â¬â¢ These principles described how applying the scientific method to the management of workers could greatly improve productivity through the analysis and synthesis of workflows. It is a theory of management that analyzes and synthesizes workflows, improving work productivity (Schermerhorn, Davidson, Poole, Simon, Woods, Chau, 2011). To back my argument that management history is important for modern managers we see Henry Ford come into the picture. The ideas of Taylor were continued through well-known car manufacturer Henry Ford who went on to replace his workers with machinery, generally when it came to doing things such as heavy lifting (Daft, 2005). Scientific management has four guiding action principles, these being; to develop a Ã¢â¬ËscienceÃ¢â¬â¢ for every job that includes rules of motion, standardize work processes and appropriate working conditions. Also to carefully select workers with the right abilities for the job, to carefully train them and give them proper incentives to cooperate with the job Ã¢â¬ËscienceÃ¢â¬â¢ (Schermerhorn, Davidson, Poole, Simon, Woods, Chau, 2011). Frank Gilbreth whom worked as a bricklayer put Taylors ideas into place and created a method that allowed the number of movements to lay a brick reduce from 18 to 2 therefore going on to increase the rate from 120-350 bricks (Hatch Cunliffe, 2006). Taylors work is still being used in modern day and his concepts are well thought of, his ideas are clearly seen at the roots of management today. Scientific management has proven to be a very beneficial way for companies to develop and improve their approach towards business (Helms Cengage, 2006 ). The next part of the classical approach I will be talking about is the administrative principals. The administrative principalÃ¢â¬â¢s approach to management came about from a man named Henri Fayol. Most management textbooks published today acknowledge Fayol to be the father of the administrative theory (Daft, 2005). Fayol was a French mining engineer, whom gradually worked his way up the ranks until he was manager of up to 10000 employees for over 30 years. The administrative principlesÃ involved issues such as departmentalization, span of control, exceptions to routine, and hierarchy. An example of the administrative principals being used in modern management can be seen through major fast food franchise McDonalds. The efficient production of their fast food is crucial towards customer satisfaction and organisation success therefore FayolÃ¢â¬â¢s principles come in use for this systematic type of organisational structure. Here we see another part of historical management being used in a very successful franchise within the modern era. Mary Parker Follet was also a contributor to administrative principles. Follet believed that growth and success would come from the direct interaction between members of the organisational groups achieving common goals and objectives. She also displayed a general understanding of groups and showed commitment to human co-operation, creating ideas that are still relevant today (Schermerhorn, Davidson, Poole, Simon, Woods, Chau, 2011). The next part of my argument belongs to that of MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s hierarchy of needs. Abraham Maslow has identified 5 important needs that individuals should aim to require in order to positively influence their contribution within the workplace. MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s theory is often represented as a pyramid, with the larger, lower levels representing the essential needs, and the upper levels representing the need for self-actualization. The first need starts from the bottom of the table, this being psychological. Psychological needs are our basic needs, needs such as food and water. Safety needs are next, expressing an emphasis on the need for security and protection. Self-belongingness is the next need and falls under the category of social needs and feeling as though you are a part of something, a community, or group of some type. This is then followed by self-esteem needs which will mean you are given respect and recognition for your work, leaves the employee with a sense of competency. The last need of all and the highest need in MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s theory is self-actualisation. This need looks at employees achieving self-fulfilments and goals, on the completion of certain tasks employees allow themselves to grow in confidence by using their abilities to their full extent (Davidson, Griffin, Simon, Woods, 2009). Maslow believes that the only reason that people would not move well in direction of self-actualization is because of hindrances placed in their way. These days we are beginning to see MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s theory in many businesses as a way of motivating employees. Managers are using MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ theory within the work place to help give their employees motivation and something to work towards and achieve, it is a tool managers use to help point employees in the right direction (Davidson, Griffin, Simon, Woods, 2009). A prime example of this is volunteers working for non for profit organisations. With the fact that there is no money involved in volunteer works it is important for these volunteers to have the MaslowÃ¢â¬â¢s theory approach merged into their business setting as well as a part of their work ethic. This is vital in order to feel as though they are reaping rewards from the hard work they are putting in, as in volunteer work, money is non-existent. Managers also now tend to change and mix up the way they are motivating employees by giving different rewards and motivation stimuli in order to keep volunteers and employees happy to stay with the organisation (Hatch Cunliffe, 2006). As I have stated, it is clear too see that the two types of classical approaches discussed both have an impact on modern management. With Frederick Winslow Taylor and his theory of scientific management we can see that an important aspect is to obtain maximum wealth for both the employee and the employer. The example of Frank Gilbreth and his techniques used with bricklaying help us understand that positive outcomes come from Taylors theory and we are able too see that his theory has not gone un noticed and is infact a part of modern management. The same goes with the next part to classical management, this being the administrative principals. We again see administrative principles being applied to modern management. Our example based around this theory being major fast food franchise McDonalds. Ã¢â¬ËThe efficient production of their fast food is crucial towards customer satisfaction and organisation success.Ã¢â¬â¢ McDonalds is one of the largest franchises in the world today and will continue to be for years to come, and it is worthy proof showing the administrative principals involvement within such a successful franchise within modern management. The last theory I discussed was that thought by Abraham Maslow and his hierarchy of needs. This theory is a vital part of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s mind and can help achieve a certain degree of self-belief within an employee as well as a manager or employer. It is a useful tool for managers to keep employees motivated and feel as though they are achieving. Throughout this essay I believe I have been able to support my argument as to why I believe that historical management is relevant to modern management. References Bartol, K. M., Martin, D. C. (1994). Management. Michigan: McGraw-Hill series in management. Blake, A, M. (2010) One hundred years after The principles of Scientific Management. One Hundred Years after The Principles of Scientific Management, 1-9 Boddy, D. (2005). Management an introduction 3rd edition. Harlow: Pearson Education Ltd. Daft, R, S. (2005). Management second pacific rim edition. Florida: Dryden press. Davidson, P., Griffin, R. W., Simon, A., Woods, P. (2009). Management 4th Australasian Edition. Milton: John Wiley Sons Australia. Hatch, M. J., Cunliffe, A. L. (2006). Organization Theory. New York: Oxford University Press Inc. Helms, M. M., Cengage, G. (2006). Chain of Command Principle Retrieved 22 August, 2011, from http://www.enotes.com/management-encyclopedia/chain-command-principle Schermerhorn, J. R., Davidson, P., Poole, D., Simon, A., Woods, P., Chau, S. L. (2011). Management (4th Asia-Pacific ed.). Milton, Queensland: John Wiley and Sons.
Wednesday, January 22, 2020
Rawls' View of Ignorance Rawls theory of justice revolves around the adaptation of two fundamental principles of justice which would, in turn, guarantee a just and morally acceptable society. The first principle guarantees the right of each person to have the most extensive basic liberty compatible with the liberty of others. The second principle states that social and economic positions are to be a) to everyone's advantage and b) open to all. A key problem to Rawls is to show how such principles would be universally adopted and here the work borders on general ethical issues. He introduces a theoretical "veil of ignorance" in which all the "players" in the social game would be placed in a situation which is called the "original position". Having only a general knowledge of the facts of "life and society", each player is to abide based on their moral obligation. By denying the players any specific information about themselves it forces them to adopt a generalized point of view that bears a strong resemblance to the moral point of view. "Moral conclusions can be reached without abandoning the prudential standpoint of positing, a moral outlook merely by pursuing one's own prudential reasoning under certain procedural bargaining and knowledge constraints." Rawls proposes that the most reasonable principles of justice for a society are those that individuals would themselves agree to behind the "veil of ignorance", in circumstances in which each is represented as a moral person, endowed with the basic moral powers. What this position supports is that while each person has different ends and goals, different backgrounds and talents, each ought to have a fair chance to develop his or her talents and to pursue those goals - fair equality for opportunity. It is not a race or contest where the talented or gifted prevail, it should be complete cooperation among all so that there may be reasonable life for all. What the "veil of ignorance" brings out is that we can accept utilitarianism as a public conception of justice only if we are prepared to let someone be subject to conditions we would not be prepared to subject ourselves. However, it is not the responsibility of my actions to ensure the fulfillment of another persons goals. These principles create an equal distribution of the "pie", if you will, yet it is not attainable unless pursued or strived for. There is no room for idle observation, meaning, that while we all possess equal opportunity as we all are equally moral persons, the choice of what you wish to possess materially as well as intellectually is the discretion and capability of Rawls View Of Ignorance :: essays research papers Rawls' View of Ignorance Rawls theory of justice revolves around the adaptation of two fundamental principles of justice which would, in turn, guarantee a just and morally acceptable society. The first principle guarantees the right of each person to have the most extensive basic liberty compatible with the liberty of others. The second principle states that social and economic positions are to be a) to everyone's advantage and b) open to all. A key problem to Rawls is to show how such principles would be universally adopted and here the work borders on general ethical issues. He introduces a theoretical "veil of ignorance" in which all the "players" in the social game would be placed in a situation which is called the "original position". Having only a general knowledge of the facts of "life and society", each player is to abide based on their moral obligation. By denying the players any specific information about themselves it forces them to adopt a generalized point of view that bears a strong resemblance to the moral point of view. "Moral conclusions can be reached without abandoning the prudential standpoint of positing, a moral outlook merely by pursuing one's own prudential reasoning under certain procedural bargaining and knowledge constraints." Rawls proposes that the most reasonable principles of justice for a society are those that individuals would themselves agree to behind the "veil of ignorance", in circumstances in which each is represented as a moral person, endowed with the basic moral powers. What this position supports is that while each person has different ends and goals, different backgrounds and talents, each ought to have a fair chance to develop his or her talents and to pursue those goals - fair equality for opportunity. It is not a race or contest where the talented or gifted prevail, it should be complete cooperation among all so that there may be reasonable life for all. What the "veil of ignorance" brings out is that we can accept utilitarianism as a public conception of justice only if we are prepared to let someone be subject to conditions we would not be prepared to subject ourselves. However, it is not the responsibility of my actions to ensure the fulfillment of another persons goals. These principles create an equal distribution of the "pie", if you will, yet it is not attainable unless pursued or strived for. There is no room for idle observation, meaning, that while we all possess equal opportunity as we all are equally moral persons, the choice of what you wish to possess materially as well as intellectually is the discretion and capability of
Tuesday, January 14, 2020
Look again at chapter 4 in: The lonely passion of Judith Hearne and concentrate on Father Quigley's sermon and the presentation of religion. Analysing Moore's narrative methods and themes, consider in what ways this extract reveals Moore's negative attitude to organised religion. Relate your findings to the rest of the novel. Brian Moore a successful Irish novelist who was born into a privileged middle class Roman Catholic family in Belfast, on the 25th August1921. Moore is one of nine children who had a strict Roman Catholic upbringing; his two brothers are doctors and his father a successful surgeon and head of Catholic hospital. Moore remembers his father as a man who would not Ã¢â¬Å"tolerate failureÃ¢â¬ 1. Moore went to school at Saint Malachy's College; he once described his school as a Ã¢â¬Å"priest factoryÃ¢â¬ 2 showing his displeasure for regimented organised religion. Moore confessed to becoming within a Ã¢â¬Å"hairs breath of being a failure,Ã¢â¬ 3 as he could not pass his maths exam to follow in his father and brothers footsteps. He was a university drop-out and realised early in life that he was an atheist4. He portrayed failure and his displeasure for religion and Belfast, through the characters and descriptive language used in The Lonely Passion of Judith Hearne, written in (1955). He depicts Belfast as drab and shows us his hatred for Belfast bigotry for example, Ã¢â¬ drab facades of the buildings proclaiming the virtues of trade, hard dealing and Presbyterian righteousness,Ã¢â¬ 5 he also describes Belfast as, Ã¢â¬Å"the protestant dearth of gaiety, the protestant surfeit of order, the dour Ulster burghers walking proudly among monuments to their mediocrity. 6 However it is Moore's negative evaluation of the Catholic Church, as personified by the interpretation of Father Quigley, which truly displays his repugnance for religion and the society that shapes it. In this novel set in the 1950s Belfast, Brian Moore closely relates to the recurrent theme of religion, he shows his distaste through the despa ir and escalating loss of faith suffered by the lonely spinster Judith Hearne, (who secretly turns to alcohol to appease her). Judith's cherished possessions and religious influences are the picture of her Aunt Darcy and the painting of The Sacred Heart. They are watchfully set out wherever she lives and instil authority, security and judge her life. Moore very skilfully uses omniscient narration and also invades Judith's stream of consciousness to give us insight to her inner thoughts and to the other characters of this novel. He reveals through the dual voice of the characters his sympathies for Judith; also Father Quigley's stern approaches and his hatred for a religious society that he left behind. However this is particularly more evident in the role that the Catholic Church played, in forming his negative attitude towards organised religion. Moore continuously reveals religion of all descriptions very negatively, for example according to Donoghue he hates Belfast Ã¢â¬Å"such is his bitterness that the bitterness applies to all aspects of religion; the personal and institutionalÃ¢â¬ 7 and also quoted by Sullivan, Ã¢â¬Å"my bitterness against the Catholic Church, my bitterness against the bigotry in Northern Ireland, my feelings about the narrowness of life there. Ã¢â¬Å"8 this reveals that Moore is not eager to live in Belfast culture again and hates everything its represents. The themes of loneliness and despair have been introduced by the beginning of chapter four, Belfast, its society and surroundings have been revealed in belittling terms. Religion is a constant theme within the novel and Moore sets the scene as Judith gets ready for Sunday Mass, the best part of the week. Ã¢â¬Å"She sets loneliness aside on a Sunday morning,Ã¢â¬ 9 Judith approaches Sunday as a social occasion to see her friends the O'Neil's and also a day out to meet other Catholics who conformed and attended Mass. Judith never really joined any good causes within the church she followed in her Aunt Darcy's footsteps, Ã¢â¬Å"Church affairs tend to put one in contact with all sorts of people whom one would prefer not to know socially. Ã¢â¬Å"10 Moore reveals that religion is a comfort to Judith, a social interaction and a routine. Ã¢â¬Å"Gods ways were not our ways,Ã¢â¬ 11 this reveals to the reader the negative attitude Moore has on the teachings of the Catholic Church. This view is further backed up with Madden and his unrighteous thoughts of lust for Mary the night before. Madden is more concerned with keeping his trousers clean from the dusty boards in church, and receiving absolution for his sins, than he is with worshipping god. Moore presents Catholicism in a very negative light; he depicts Maddens character to show us that many Roman Catholics see religion as insurance and a way to get forgiveness to enter heaven. Moore uses the regimented way in which father Quigley criticises his congregation to reveal, according to Donoghue Ã¢â¬Å"the whole catholic system whose failings one man is made to embody. 12 Moore describes Father Quigley as Ã¢â¬Å"shufflingÃ¢â¬ 13 and Ã¢â¬Å"peeringÃ¢â¬ 14 as he makes a hasty entrance to the altar. The haste of his arrival is portrayed by the altar boys who Ã¢â¬Å"scuttledÃ¢â¬ 15 to keep up with his swift entrance. He is further described as a tall and terribly stern man with accusing Ã¢â¬Å"long spatulate fingers. Ã¢â¬Å"16 Moore uses repetitiveness and the priests patronising narrative tone to demonstrate his misgivings of the Catholic Church. The sermon itself emphasised regimented routine, not the worship of god, as father Quigley rushed through and Ã¢â¬Å"mumbled the opening prayers,Ã¢â¬ 17 showing no respect. The parishioners also had the same sense of haste and lack of respect, Ã¢â¬Å"latecomers jostled, whispered and shuffledÃ¢â¬ 18 revealing the diverse absence of secularism amidst the Ã¢â¬Å"noise and confusion. Ã¢â¬Å"19 It would appear that Moore's use of pathetic fallacy heightens the mood, as the weather darkens the room Ã¢â¬Å"the priest's white and gold vestments shone brightly out of the murk above his congregation. Ã¢â¬Å"20 Moore felt this is Ã¢â¬Å"Like many attitudes of Irish priests, he takes the best seat in the room and considers everything to be in his dueÃ¢â¬ . 21. Stood like a Ã¢â¬Å"watchdogÃ¢â¬ 22 and Ã¢â¬Å"his nostrils flare like a horse. Ã¢â¬Å"23 To the reader this reveals he is like an owl seeking his prey, in for the kill, as he hurled abuse at his parishioners, shouting repetitively. Ã¢â¬Å"I mean you people up there.. , I mean coming in late.. , I mean young boys and girls dirtying up the seats.. , I mean the shocking attitude of the parishioners.. ,Ã¢â¬ 24 it sounds like he is threatening the parishioners with eternal damnation Ã¢â¬Å"if you don't have time for god he will have no time for you. Ã¢â¬Å"25Mass is supposed to be a celebration to God. Moore reveals the paradox of Father Quigley's angry outburst as a contradiction, Ã¢â¬Å"if not a caricature, and a combination of all the worst defects observed imaginable in a Roman Catholic Priest. Ã¢â¬Å"26 Moore further subjects the reader to the belief that the Roman Catholic religion is controlling; he once again uses Father Quigley's embittered tone, as he tells the congregation they have Ã¢â¬Å"plenty of money! Plenty of time! Plenty of time. Ã¢â¬Å"27 He roars out Ã¢â¬Å"drinking the pubs dry.. Football matches.. Naked.. and foreign dances.. instead of ceildhes. 28 Moore reveals the priest is more interested in telling the congregation off for doing worldly activities, instead of putting their money in the collection plate. This seems to show preaching the word of God is secondary, the relief he offers from these immoral sins are an empty church and Ã¢â¬Å"sodality meeting for men and Children of Mary devotions for womenÃ¢â¬ 29. Moore may also be trying to emphasis the social control of the church on the faithful. Father Quigley tries to threaten his parishioners with Ã¢â¬Å"everlasting fire that was prepared for the devil and his angels. Ã¢â¬Å"30 He further accuses his parishioners of leaving the Ã¢â¬Å"House of God empty. 31 According to Roman Catholic faith god is supposed to live in the gate behind the Ã¢â¬Å"tabernacle door. Ã¢â¬Å"32 In the final chapters of the novel we recall Judith's crisis almost like a nervous breakdown, when she tells the reader Ã¢â¬Å"what good of anything unless it's more than bread. Ã¢â¬Å"33 Moore presents us with Judith's loss of faith as she attacks the tabernacle; this may indeed support his own atheist approach to Ã¢â¬Å"the world is indeed secular and empty that the world can hold its void. Ã¢â¬Å"34 Moore uses Judith actions to reveal his lack of belief, also Father Quigley's inability to help Judith in her time of crisis. The only thing the priest can say is Ã¢â¬Å"you should be on your bended knee, praying for forgiveness. A terrible terrible thing! Ã¢â¬Å"35 and even Father Quigley rejects her cry for help. Ã¢â¬Å"He heaps on penitence and guilt where forgiveness and grace are needed. Ã¢â¬Å"36 Moore reveals he was helpless Ã¢â¬Å"Shepherd, he looked at his sheep. What ails here? Priest, he could not communicate with his parishioner. No Father Quigley said, Ã¢â¬Å"I don't know what you are talking about,Ã¢â¬ 37 revealing that he could not grasp the situation. He can not understand her loss of faith and he can not deal with it, even as another sympathetic human being. He was more worried about the protestant taxi driver seeing Judith out of control and in a state of drunkenness. Moore's attitude to religion throughout The Lonely Passion of Judith Hearne relentlessly reveals to the reader that he is not a religious person. He denounces all forms of Belfast bigotry its society and religion, almost like he is biased against Catholicism, to be critical of this it is only his side of the story. His bitterness and religious themes also applies to other novels he has written, such as Black Robe38 and Cold Heaven. 9 Moore reveals his negative feelings for organised religion both Roman Catholic and Protestant, suggesting 1950s religion was a frightening experience. Part of the reasons for these hatreds may have evolved from, As Patricia Craig tartly observes, Ã¢â¬Å"the fact that the family happened to live bang opposite the local Orange Order headquarters, topped by a statue of King Billy brandishing his sword,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Ëprobably helped to keep their sectarian instincts up to the mark. Ã¢â¬ It may also have been the strict catholic upbringing in which Brian had to endure and also simply the troubles and life at that time.
Monday, January 6, 2020
Corporate Finance ADM 3350 M P (Winter 2015) Assignment 1 Due Date: February 23, 2015 Question 1 (5 Marks) Varta Inc. has just issued a dividend of $1.50 per share on its common stock. The company paid dividends of $1.10, $1.15, $1.25, and $1.37 per share in the last four years. The stock currently sells for $48. a. What is your best estimate of the companys cost of equity capital using the arithmetic average growth rate in dividends? b. What if you use the geometric average growth rate? Solution: (3 + 2 = 5 Marks) Part a. Period 1 2 3 4 5 dividend 1.1 1.15 1.25 1.37 1.5 Average growth (Arithmetic) growth 0.045 0.087 0.096 0.095 Growth = (P2 - P1)/P1 0.081 RE = D1/P0 + g = (D0 (1 + g))/P0 + g RE = 11.46% Part b. We can get theÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Dividend rate = 10% = 0.1 Total book value = $1,000,000; No. of preferred share = total book value / par value = 1,000,000/100 = 10,000 Price of preferred share = Dividend / Cost of preferred share = 10*0.1/0.08 = $125 Total market value of preferred share = $125 * number of pref. share = 125* 10000 = 1,250,000 Common Share Value: Total market value of common share = price per share * number of pref. share = $25 * 100000 = $2,500,000 (Note: retained earnings information is irrelevant here) Part b. Total market value = debt + pref. equity + Common equity = 1,147,200 + 1,250,000 + 2,500,000 = $4,897,200 Market value proportions of: Debt = $1,147,200 / $4,897,200 = 23.4% Pref. 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Ã¢â¬Å"Corporate Political Activity PaysÃ¢â¬ 428 Self-Assessment Library How Good Am I at Playing Politics? 430 Point/Counterpoint Power Corrupts People 436 Questions for Review 437 Experiential Exercise Understanding Power Dynamics 437 Ethical Dilemma Corporate Spying 438 Case Incident 1 Delegate Power, or Keep It Close? 438 Case Incident 2 The Persuasion Imperative 439 xvi CONTENTS
Sunday, December 29, 2019
Abstract The purpose of this paper is to present information regarding effects of globalization on the economy and the culture of the Norway, during the past few years. Five sets of research questions were used to form the bases of the paper. The intent is to illiterate the cultural dynamics and business culture of the Country. Knowledge of the influence of culture and business practices will assist one with understanding globalization as it pertains to Norway. Using the information in this paper, individuals like consultants and managers who interact with Norweigians can use this as a framework or perspective Summary of the case study Ã¢â¬Å"A NaÃ ¯ve Sahab In IndiaÃ¢â¬ The case study Ã¢â¬Å"A NaÃ ¯ve Sahab in IndiaÃ¢â¬ tells the story of BrianÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦He would benefit from cultural training sessions, which has been proved to be very effective to prepare professionals for intercultural work. By going through such training, Brian would learn how to better approach his managers without being too offensive. Brian will have to re-think his strategies before putting together a new manager team made up with old and newly hired managers, and only then carefully and slowly introduce the expected changes for the company. Male/Female Differences Disparities between males and females in society can be seen everywhere and the work place is no different. Women are expected to be vulnerable and sympathetic to othersÃ¢â¬â¢ needs, while men are expected to be competitive, strong and rational. In business, these gender differences determine communication behaviors and interactions. A study published in the Ã¢â¬Å"Journal of Social and Development SciencesÃ¢â¬ confirms, Ã¢â¬Å"the gender of individuals engaged in negotiations will affect the communication style utilized by each individualÃ¢â¬ (Yu-Te Tu, 2012, p. 125). Women might rely more on non-verbal and indirect communication, which has been noted as a characteristic to those who have less power. Women are still pictured as the fragile gender by society, however many of the exclusive Ã¢â¬Å"female traitsÃ¢â¬ are strengths that can make women more efficient managers than men. For example, women who are able to relate to others easily and possess the ability to empower will beShow MoreRelatedEssay Intel Corporation, 1968-19971123 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIntel Corporation, 1968-1997 Synopsis: This case traces the strategic decisions of Intel Corporation which defined its evolution from being a start-up developer of semiconductor memory chips in 1968 to being the industry leader of microprocessors in 1997 when it ranked amongst the top five American companies and had stock market valuation of USD 113 billion. Intel in DRAM business: The strategies employed by Intel for DRAM business focussed on: 1. Pushing the envelope of product design Read MoreIntel Corporation: 1968 Ã¢â¬â 19971177 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesINTEL CORPORATION: 1968 Ã¢â¬â 1997 Synopsis: This case traces the strategic decisions of Intel Corporation which defined its evolution from being a start-up developer of semiconductor memory chips in 1968 to being the industry leader of microprocessors in 1997 when it ranked amongst the top five American companies and had stock market valuation of USD 113 billion. Intel in DRAM business: The strategies employed by Intel for DRAM business focussed on: 1. Pushing the envelope of product design Read MoreEssay on Business Communication Quarterly 2013 F5948 Words Ã |Ã 24 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Business Communication Quarterly http://bcq.sagepub.com/ Intercultural Communication Apprehension and Emotional Intelligence in Higher Education: Preparing Business Students for Career Success Lisa T. 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All of these items are very limited when it comes to service, as it does not haveRead MoreBuilding the Emotional Intelligence of Groups6903 Words Ã |Ã 28 PagesBy now, most executives have accepted that emotional intelligence is as critical as IQ to an individual s effectiveness. But much of the important work in organizations is done in teams. New research uncovers what emotional intelligence at the group level looks like-and how to achieve it Building the Emotioncil Intelligence of Groups W by Vanessa Urch Druskat and Steven B. Wolff HEN MANAGERS EIRST STARTED HEARING ABOUT the concept of emotional intelligence in the 1990s, scales fell fromRead MoreThe Effects of Leader and Follower Emotional Intelligence7577 Words Ã |Ã 31 Pages274 The effects of leader and follower emotional intelligence on performance and attitude: An exploratory study Chi-Sum Wonga,*, Kenneth S. 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Perhaps, this behavior stems from other organizational issuesRead MoreB2b And B2b Business Activities1300 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesfocus on retail transactions. An example of a B2C company would be Starbucks. Business to Business or B2B, companies doing direct business with each other instead of having consumers involved. A great example of a B2B company would be the Intel Corporation. The Intel Corporation is an American Global technology company, whom headquarters is located in Santa Clara, California. The overall marketing goal for both B2B and B2C companies is the same, increase the profit margin, but the marketing strategiesRead MoreB2b And B2b Business Activities1542 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesfocus on retail transactions. An example of a B2C company would be Starbucks. Business to Business or B2B, companies doing direct business with each other instead of having consumers involved. A great example of a B2B company would be the Intel Corporation. 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Friday, December 20, 2019
Rohan Trivedi PDHPE ASSIGNMENT The interpersonal issue I have chosen is: Discrimination Discrimination is the unequal treatment of individuals or groups based on the grounds of certain attributes. This is generally done by denying a person/group/community of the same benefits or privileges provided to others because of their ethnicity, skin colour, gender, age, ancestry, religion, disability or familial/marital status. This interpersonal issue is being misused far too often in modern day society and is affecting more people by the day. Discrimination can occur in many forms. However, they are mainly branched into two categories: direct discrimination and indirect discrimination. Direct discrimination happens when people is treatedÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦They will also begin to develop hatred for others and alienate themselves from society. This proves to be a detrimental effect to the person as they may lose their job and destroy a healthy financial status. For instance, if a pupil is being discriminated at school they will be start to perform poorly in assignments and assessments. Therefore, creating a low level of academic achievement and attendance/participation. Hence, making them more probable to skip or drop school and also impacting his/her social life with the rest of his/her peers in a negative way. From this we can definitely conclude that the impacts of discrimination are highly undesired for an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s physical, social, mental, spiritual and emotional well-beings. Discrimination does not only impact individuals but also has a number of unfavourable effects on the groups, communities and the wider society. First of all, it exemplifies the incorrect belief that one group is superior to another. When one group of people are discriminated against, another group of people will view themselves as more worthy as they were not harassed and therefore perceive the false-notion that they are better. This can result in conflicts within a society and will hence degrade oneÃ¢â¬â¢s overall wellbeing. A prime example of this was during the Vietnamese vs Caucasian battle in Cabramatta. The conflict had started as both ethnicities deemed themselves to be superior to theShow MoreRelatedDiscrimination In The Workplace1211 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages While the world has unanimously advanced and is more accepting of change, the workplace continues to be a place of discrimination, prejudice and inequality. Discrimination is broadly defined to Ã¢â¬Ëdistinguish unfavourablyÃ¢â¬â¢, isolate; and is context based (Pagura, 2012). Abrahams (1991) described the workplace as an Ã¢â¬Ëinhospitable placeÃ¢â¬â¢ where gender disparity and wage gaps persist (Stamarski Son Hing, 2015). Among other states and countries, the Australian government actively implements and passesRead MoreDiscrimination In The Workplace Essay1379 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesResearch Title: Discrimination within the workplace: An insight into the experience of minority ethnic, race and age employees at the Turkish Airlines. Introduction: One of the most important problems of social life is the economic, social, cultural, demographic, etc. discrimination due to their different characteristics. Discrimination, often seen as one of the main problems of underdeveloped societies, is now seen in developing or developed countries, not only due to economic reasons. As the issueRead MoreEmployment Discrimination During The United States1297 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesEmployment discrimination strikes numerous gatherings of people and has been going on for a long time. In the U.S., this type of discrimination happens at whatever point a business or its delegates purposely single out representatives or candidates on the premise of age, race, sex, sexual introduction, incapacity, religion and an assortment of different reasons. Laws have been readied to debilitate segregation from happening. Rise to circumstances laws plan to make a level playing field with theRead MoreGender Discrimination : An Ethical Problem Essay1043 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesAbstract: Gender Discrimination is a type of discrimination where basing on a particular personÃ¢â¬â¢s gender (or) sex a person is discriminated, majorly this type of discrimination is faced by women and girls. In this globalized world, where interaction between two individuals became easy as seams of finger touch and where we always debate, speak about the equality rights for men and women, we still see many instances of many individuals being discriminated based on the gender difference. This paperRead MoreEssay about Sex Discrimination 1597 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction Discrimination involves action toward individuals on the basis of their group membership; Baron and Byrne (1994) defined discrimination as prejudice in action. Discrimination can take a very overt form (e.g., refusal to hire women into certain jobs), but in many instances, gender discrimination involves the degree to which the workplace is open to versus resistant to the participation of women. Although many discussions of gender discrimination have focused on the ways managers andRead MoreEssay about Legal and Ethical Responsibilities.1487 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesLegal and Ethical Responsibilities. Direct Discrimination :- something like putting in the job advertisement Ã¢â¬Å"women need not applyÃ¢â¬ . Indirect Discrimination :- saying thereÃ¢â¬â¢s a height limit such as a 6Ã¢â¬â¢4Ã¢â¬ . This will limit who can apply for the job. Sex Discrimination Act 1975 The Sex Discrimination Act 1975 makes sex discrimination unlawful in employment, vocational training, education, the provision and sale of goods, facilities and services and premises. In employment and vocationalRead MoreTypes Of Discrimination And Discrimination1729 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages TYPES OF DISCRIMINATION Ã¢ â"Direct Discrimination:- In this case the employee is treated less favorably by the employer simply because of his or her HIV status. For example, rejecting a job application because of employee HIV infection or excluding an HIV-positive employee from the company pension scheme because of an assumption that he or she would draw on it early. (6) The law also protects people who are discriminated against because they are associated with a person with HIV (for exampleRead MoreWomen in the Workplace1627 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesfreedom. Issues that have and still plagued women in the workplace are many. Women in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s workplace face many challenges such as discrimination, negative stereotypes of themselves, and sexual harassment. Although women in all careers are faced with these problems, the one thing that is clear is that women are striving to gain equality in the work force today. In order to understand the full realm of womenÃ¢â¬â¢s inequality in the workplace it would be important to understand some of the history ofRead MoreShc 23 - Introduction to Equality and Inclusion in Health, Social Care or ChildrenÃ¢â¬â¢s and Young PeopleÃ¢â¬â¢s Settings816 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesand support. The term Ã¢â¬ËDiscriminationÃ¢â¬â¢ means the treatment or consideration of, or making a distinction in favor of or against, a person or thing based on the group, class, or category to which that person or thing belongs rather than on individual merit eg racial and religious intolerance and discrimination. 1.2 There are two main types of discrimination; direct and indirect. Direct discrimination may occur in the workplace in the form of institutional discrimination, whereby people may notRead MoreGender Inequality And Gender Equality1673 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageslong time till the gender inequality in employment and wages to end. It is expected that by 2095, gender wage gap will be closed, maybe. That means that we will have to wait 81 years for gender parity in workplace. From 2006- 2014 the world has seen a small progress in equality for women in workplace (Cann, 2014).In Garman women worker earns 62 cents, in India 64 cent and 80 cents in Egypt and Mexico for every $1 that man earn. Women entrepreneurs fare is worse earning 12 cents in Bangladesh and just