Sunday, April 21, 2019
Government in Preventing Environmental Crime Essay
Government in Preventing Environmental Crime - Essay Example in the south & Brisman (2013) state that some of the environmental protocols set by the international bodies include the prohibition of wildlife trade in endangered species under the CITES stipulations. It has been an instrumental international law that did shape the UK Wildlife and Countryside puzzle out 1981 amendments. Secondly, the illegal logging second that protects forests from unthoughtful exploitation. Besides, the international protocols on the environment include banning of dumping hazardous wastes in irrigate as provided in the Basel Convention on the Control of Tran boundary Act 1989. Committing any of the above plagues is conjectural to prosecution in accordance to international law this should be seen being enforced by the various(prenominal) government. Overview of UK Environmental Act Today, United Kingdom is among the countries that have signed several environmental and wildlife conventions are a ren ewed commitment to protect the environment from crime. Some of the provisions in the Countryside and Wildlife Act 1981 include banning of poaching, illegalizing unplanned logging and prevention of endangered species as provided in the CITES 1975 international protocol (Reins 2012). Since the Committee interrogative of 2004, the government commitment to protect the wildlife increased substantially, this was seen when the house of common began to deliberate on numerous amendments of the Countryside and Wildlife Act 1981, resulting in the more recent Wildlife Act 2012 Amendment. However, wildlife has been amended many times to respond to new crime threats that has become complex to non-specialist police. The year 2006 saw the enactment of law that prohibits the poisoning of birds because there were increased threats constitute by poaching through poisoning. Moreover, the formation of the National Wildlife Crime Unit (NWCU) is a living attestation of the framework created by the gove rnment to enforce and repeal numerous Acts of the wildlife (Stewart 2012). However, some critics argue that wildlife crime enforcement has been greatly undermined by lack of definite sentencing guidelines for wildlife judges.